To develop, implement, and evaluate an educational program to improve nurses’ management of the second stage of labor.
Evidence-based practice project guided by the Iowa Model–Revised.
Acute care teaching hospital in central California averaging 2,100 births/year with 12 labor, delivery, and recovery rooms and a Level III nursery.
Eighteen registered nurses participated in the educational intervention.
An instructional course addressed contemporary labor management guidelines and delayed and open/closed glottis pushing. Assessment/documentation of maternal–fetal status, progress/fetal descent, and nurse/provider communication were discussed. Participants engaged in an interactive experience regarding maternal positions.
Data collected from the electronic health record included the number of position changes, nurse/provider communication interactions, and minutes from 10 cm to birth and minutes in delayed pushing.
Second-stage labor outcomes for nulliparous patients at term with a singleton in vertex presentation improved with more position changes and percentage of spontaneous vaginal births. Patients of nurses who participated in the educational intervention (n = 18) had a vaginal birth rate of 87.5% and a surgical birth rate of 6.2%. Patients of nurses who did not participate in the educational intervention (n = 31) had a vaginal birth rate of 81.8% and a surgical birth rate of 9.1%.
Based on the positive response to the intervention and improved clinical outcomes, regularly scheduled interactive nursing education focused on strategies to improve the second stage of labor may be beneficial.