Source: Hirai AH, Ko JY, Owens PL, Stocks C, Patrick SW. Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and Maternal Opioid-Related Diagnoses in the US, 2010-2017. JAMA. 2021;325(2):146–155. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24991
Question: In the US from 2010 to 2017, what were national-level and state-level rates in neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and maternal opioid-related diagnoses (MOD)?
Findings: In this repeated cross-sectional analysis including 11.8 million hospitalizations from 47 states and the District of Columbia, the national estimated rate of NAS was 7.3 per 1000 birth hospitalizations and the rate of MOD was 8.2 per 1000 delivery hospitalizations in 2017. From 2010 to 2017, estimated rates significantly increased nationally and for the majority of states, with substantial state-level variation.
Meaning: In the US, NAS and MOD rates increased from 2010 to 2017, with notable state-level variation.