AAP Policy Statement: The Development and Application of Quality Measures

The American Academy of Pediatrics has released a new policy statement, A New Era in Quality Measurement: The Development and Application of Quality Measures, published in the December 2016 issue of Pediatrics.

ABSTRACT: Quality measures are used for a variety of purposes in health care, including clinical care improvement, regulation, accreditation, public reporting, surveillance, and maintenance of certification. Most quality measures are 1 of 3 types: structure, process, or outcome. Health care quality measures should address the domains of quality across the continuum of care and reflect patient and family experience. Measure development for pediatric health care has a number of important challenges, including gaps in the evidence base; the fact that measures for most conditions must be age-specific; the long, resource-intensive development process; and the national focus on measure development for adult conditions. Numerous national organizations focus on the development and application of quality measures, including the Pediatric Quality Measures Program, which is focused solely on the development and implementation of pediatric-specific measures. Once a quality measure is developed for use in national measurement programs, the organization that develops and/or “stewards” the measure may submit the measure or set of measures for endorsement, which is recognition of the scientific soundness, usability, and relevance of the measure. Quality measures must then be disseminated and applied to improve care. Although pediatric health care providers and child health care institutions alike must continually balance time and resources needed to address multiple reporting requirements, quality measurement is an important tool for advancing high-quality and safe health care for children. This policy statement provides an overview of quality measurement and describes the opportunities for pediatric health care providers to apply quality measures to improve clinical quality and performance in the delivery of pediatric health care services.

Reference: Adirim T, Meade K, Mistry K, AAP COUNCIL ON QUALITY IMPROVEMENT AND PATIENT SAFETY. A New Era in Quality Measurement: The Development and Application of Quality Measures. Pediatrics. 2017;139(1):e20163442

DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3442