Position: Labor is a complex, physiologic event that involves an intricate interaction of multiple hormones. Women can make fully informed decisions about induction of labor only when they understand the process of induction, potential benefits and risks associated with the pharmacologic and/or mechanical methods used to induce labor, alternatives to induction, and the potential benefits and risks of allowing labor to progress spontaneously. The Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) advocates against elective induction of labor before39 weeks gestation. Induction at or after or 39 weeks gestation is an option that should be carefully weighed against expectant management. Nurses support a woman’s choices and provide quality care during the entire perinatal period.