ABSTRACT: Blunt abdominal trauma is the leading type of traumatic injury in pregnancy, with motor vehicle crashes, falls, and assault being the most common etiologies. Several adverse outcomes can occur in pregnancy, including placental abruption, preterm labor and preterm delivery, uterine rupture, and pelvic fracture. Understanding and integration of key anatomic and physiologic changes in pregnancy are key when evaluating a pregnant trauma patient. Pregnant women should be managed in a medical center with the ability to provide adequate care to both trauma patients—the pregnant woman and fetus. Multiple clinical providers are usually involved in the care of pregnant trauma patients, but obstetric providers should play a central role in the evaluation and management of a pregnant trauma patient given their unique training, knowledge, and clinical skills. An algorithm for management of trauma in pregnancy should be used at all sites caring for pregnant women. An alignment of policies within each system optimizes appropriate triage, integration of care, management, and monitoring of pregnant trauma patients and their fetuses. Ensuring effective protocols for prehospital and hospital treatment, as well as thorough training of involved health care providers, is essential in ensuring that optimal care is provided.
Reference: Greco, Patricia S. MD; Day, Lori J. MD; Pearlman, Mark D. MD. (2019) Guidance for Evaluation and Management of Blunt Abdominal Trauma in Pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 134(6); p1343-1357; DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000003585