Recommended Guideline for Uniform Reporting of Neonatal Resuscitation: The Neonatal Utstein Style
Clinical research on neonatal resuscitation has accelerated over recent decades. However, an important methodologic limitation is that there are no standardized definitions or reporting guidelines for neonatal resuscitation clinical studies. To address this, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation Neonatal Life Support Task Force established a working group to develop the first Utstein-style reporting guideline for neonatal resuscitation. The working group modeled this approach on previous Utstein-style guidelines for other populations. This reporting guideline focuses on resuscitation of newborns immediately after birth for respiratory failure, bradycardia, severe bradycardia, or cardiac arrest. We identified 7 relevant domains: setting, patient, antepartum, birth/preresuscitation, resuscitation process, postresuscitation process, and outcomes. Within each domain, relevant data elements were identified as core versus supplemental. Core data elements should be collected and reported for all neonatal resuscitation studies, while supplemental data elements may be collected and reported using standard definitions when possible. The Neonatal Utstein template includes both core and supplemental elements across the 7 domains, and the associated Data Table provides detailed information and reporting standards for each data element. The Neonatal Utstein reporting guideline is anticipated to assist investigators engaged in neonatal resuscitation research by standardizing data definitions. The guideline will facilitate data pooling in meta-analyses, enhancing the strength of neonatal resuscitation treatment recommendations and subsequent guidelines.